Flight Lieutenant John Arthur Houlton, D.F.C.

The France and Germany Star was awarded for service in France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Germany and adjacent sea areas between 6 June 1944 and 8 May 1945.

This bronze six-pointed star has a circular centre with the GRI/VI monogram, surmounted by the Royal crown, and inscribed 'The France and Germany Star'. The star has a height of 44mm and maximum width of 38mm.

Personnel qualifying for both the France and Germany Star and the Air Crew Europe or Atlantic Star were awarded the first star they qualified for, and a clasp in respect of the second star.

The clasp simply has the words 'France and Germany".

The clasp is worn in combination with either the Aircrew Europe Star or the Atlantic Star and is pinned onto the ribbon.

'Respect. And admiration. That certainly existed between people who were close on Squadrons. It's the way I still think of them. My greatest friends and I admire them and respect them. If you want to call that love, well call that love. I don't mind.'
- Johnnie Houlton, TV3 20/20 Documentary, New Zealand, 1994